Careers in science continue to grow as technology and the need for innovation continues. Scientific careers have a bright outlook for the 21st century as careers keep pace with the demand for scientific inquiry. While some of the most exciting science careers in the 21st century follow traditional fields of study, others redefine what it means to work in science.
The demand for data scientists will continue to grow through the 21st century as businesses, governments and other industries continue to see the need in quantifying analytics. Data scientists apply their knowledge of coding data and performing statistical analyses to find links between ideas or systems. This type of science involves creativity and an interdisciplinary approach, as a data scientist finds innovative ways to test hypotheses and quantify previously unquantifiable data. Data scientists often have flexible work schedules to accommodate their work and begin with a median salary of $80,000. Most data scientists have a graduate degree in statistics, computer science or engineering.
Biomedical engineers combine biological science with engineering to develop cutting-edge medical devices. The field keeps pace with the innovative changes in medical research. This career involves creating and testing new techniques for the medical field. Biomedical engineers work for universities, manufacturers, hospitals and research and development teams with a median salary of more than $85,000. Biomedical engineers have a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering or a natural science, and many biomedical engineers have an advanced degree as well.
As the climate continues to change, environmental scientists observe changes to habitats, take samples of natural resources and analyze ecosystems. Environmental scientists draw upon knowledge and techniques from many natural science fields. Depending upon the area of interests, environmental scientists work outdoors to collect data and then analyze data in a lab. Some environmental scientists work with advocacy groups and policymakers as they share their findings. The median salary for an environmental scientist is over $63,000. Most environmental scientists have a master’s degree in the natural sciences.
The science of evolution and genetics expands into an exciting subfield of behavioral genetics, which seeks to explain the actions of humans and animals through genes and evolutionary adaptations. This field can also connect the natural sciences with the social sciences, such as psychology and political science, to determine voting behaviors and treat patients. Behavioral geneticists conduct experiments using twins, adopted siblings and longevity studies. The median salary for a geneticist is over $75,000 per year. A career as a behavioral geneticist typically requires a graduate degree.
Changes in the field of neuroscience offer an exciting time to pursue a career as a neuroscientist in the 21st Century. With a renewed focus on mapping the human brain to advance knowledge in disease and brain function, brain mapping analysts play a creative role in the field. These neuroscientists work at institutes, universities and medical labs to assign specific areas of the brain to a host of abilities and diseases, largely through imaging. This research requires working on independent research as well as part of a team to assess results. Careers in neuroscience require a doctorate-level degree in neuroscience or the life sciences. The median salary for a medical scientist is over $76,000.
Forensic Science Technicians
Forensic science technicians combine a love for science with an interest in solving crimes by going to crime scenes to assess ways to collect evidence. They also analyze evidence in a forensic lab. According to the professionals at Microscope.com, technicians run blood samples and recreate crime scenes in a lab setting. Working with police members, experts and detectives to identify information concerning evidence is regular part of the workday. Crimes can occur anytime of the day, and technicians must be ready to work accordingly. This career requires at least a bachelor’s degree in the natural sciences, and the median salary is more than $50,000 per year.
While you might think that a career in science is “old-school,” those who hold these positions work with cutting-edge technology, research the newest ideas, and develop new inventions and processes that lead the way to the future. Though many require a graduate degree, the high demand for these careers makes any extra time in academia worth it.
This article was written by Dixie Somers, a freelance writer who loves to write for business, finance, careers, and education. She lives in Arizona with her husband and three beautiful daughters. You can follower her on Twitter @DixieSomers.